F4V is a well-known flash video format developed by Adobe System. It is supported by Adobe Flash Player. Currently, approximately 80% of online videos are transmitted using Adobe Flash technology. Files with the F4V extension are called a container format. The F4V format, in comparison with other files of the FLV category, uses boxes to store information. In addition to devices with an operating system from Apple, these files can play almost all browsers that support flash video playback. F4V files resemble .FLV files, but use “blocks” to store data. Examples of blocks that are supported by the F4V format include meta block (metadata), moov block (file header), ftyp block (requested player tools), uda block (user data in free form), etc. The format container, in the development of which the ISO Media File Format was used, initially used the Quick Time Container Format from Apple. Compared to the old FLV format, the F4V format is fully compatible with the h.264 and ACC formats. This provides an opportunity to use other container formats.
RM is a video file format developed by RealNetworks. It uses the RealPlayer player, that is, a program for streaming audio and video files. The format contains audio and video data or links to streaming, which can be played back as it downloads. The RealMedia Player program was in great demand when they connected to the Internet using a modem, and when there was practically no broadband access to the global network. The large compression ratio of the format provided the opportunity to carry out online transmission of video and audio data. The quality of the output file, as a rule, was low. Today, such files are often used in order to broadcast Internet radio and Internet video. In the .RM format, music and video are found on the global network or on Western cable channels, on Internet radio stations. Support for this format is carried out by such mobile phones and smartphones as Nokia, Ericsson, Sony, iPhone, as well as mobile devices that operate on the Google Android operating system. Files with the extension .RM are compressed using proprietary codecs RealVideo and RealAudio. Individual Real Media files can be played using a VLC media player that partially supports RM files.