JPF is a raster image category file format that is the successor to the .JPEG image format. Like some other file name extensions (.jpx, .jp2, .j2k), the .jpf extension refers to the JPEG 2000 image format. It is needed to designate the JPEG 2000 Image file type. And JPEG 2000 files are an international standard (ISO / IEC 15444) bitmap format. It was developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group, JPEG. It serves as a good replacement for the JPEG standard, which is older, but, as before, is in demand and widespread. Compared to JPEG in JPF format, wavelet compression is used, due to the alpha channel transparency is supported, as well as a variety of color models. Also, compared to JPEG, this format provides better scalability of images, provides the ability to achieve smaller file sizes and have a higher level of quality. The format is able to combine compression with losses and without losses. Provides support for image transparency and additional metadata information. It can be viewed in QuickTime Player 7, as in recent versions of Photoshop, provided that the JPEG2000.8bi plugin is installed. Many images also have the extension .JP2 or .JPX.
JPM is a JPEG2000 bitmap category file format. The JPEG 2000 Part 6 standard defines that the .jpm extension refers to the JPEG 2000 Composite Image File Format. The JPEG2000 graphic format is a new standard that appeared in 2000 as an update to the JPEG format. He uses a type of technology called wavelet compression, which provides the best ratio of size and quality. The JPM format (i.e., the JPEG 2000 Multi-layer Image Format, ISO 15444-6) was developed for documents that have multiple pages and can be processed as a multi-page photo converter. The purpose of the JPEG 2000 Part 6 composite image format is to work primarily with documents and facsimile images. Compared to regular JPEG 2000 images, a .jpm file is a composite image with many layers. This file can have many pages. Moreover, each such page can have several raster objects. Moreover, in different encodings (JPEG, JPEG 2000, JBIG). They are located in a certain way and make up a single whole. JPM files are used as “digital originals” that store scanned copies of documents and other images and / or texts.