MKV is an open container format for audio and video data created by Russian developers. The name of the format originates from the name of the project - Matroska (Matryoshka) with the addition of the first letter of the word Video. This format is considered an alternative to the much more popular AVI, but has not yet reached such a scale of distribution. MKV files are quite common among owners of fairly old mobile devices with Symbian OS and at the same time among those who prefer to watch video in FullHD, since MKV has good dynamics of transmitting video / audio streams. MKV with a wide range of features, in particular, storing audio tracks in different languages, is easy to edit, there are no freezes in large files.
F4V is a well-known flash video format developed by Adobe System. It is supported by Adobe Flash Player. Currently, approximately 80% of online videos are transmitted using Adobe Flash technology. Files with the F4V extension are called a container format. The F4V format, in comparison with other files of the FLV category, uses boxes to store information. In addition to devices with an operating system from Apple, these files can play almost all browsers that support flash video playback. F4V files resemble .FLV files, but use “blocks” to store data. Examples of blocks that are supported by the F4V format include meta block (metadata), moov block (file header), ftyp block (requested player tools), uda block (user data in free form), etc. The format container, in the development of which the ISO Media File Format was used, initially used the Quick Time Container Format from Apple. Compared to the old FLV format, the F4V format is fully compatible with the h.264 and ACC formats. This provides an opportunity to use other container formats.