MPEG is a special standard for compressing audio files and video files into a different format, which is most convenient for downloading or forwarding, say, over a global network. The specified standard was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group. It was created by the international organization ISO just in order to develop a standard for the compression and transmission of digital video and audio data. The official designation for this group is ISO / IEC JTC1 / SC29 WG11. The first time she met in Ottawa in May 1988. By 2005, up to 350 people became participants in the meetings. MPEG, that is, Moving Picture Experts Group, consists of 3 components: Audio, Video, System (combining and synchronizing the other two). There are different MPEG standards, which are also called phases: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-3, MPEG-4, MPEG-7. According to the MPEG-1 standard, for example, streams of video and audio data are sent at a speed of 150 kilobytes per second. The speed of a single-speed CD-ROM player is similar. Streams are managed by sampling key video frames and filling in areas that change between frames. This standard ensures the quality of the video image is significantly lower compared to the video that is transmitted on the television standard.
F4V is a well-known flash video format developed by Adobe System. It is supported by Adobe Flash Player. Currently, approximately 80% of online videos are transmitted using Adobe Flash technology. Files with the F4V extension are called a container format. The F4V format, in comparison with other files of the FLV category, uses boxes to store information. In addition to devices with an operating system from Apple, these files can play almost all browsers that support flash video playback. F4V files resemble .FLV files, but use “blocks” to store data. Examples of blocks that are supported by the F4V format include meta block (metadata), moov block (file header), ftyp block (requested player tools), uda block (user data in free form), etc. The format container, in the development of which the ISO Media File Format was used, initially used the Quick Time Container Format from Apple. Compared to the old FLV format, the F4V format is fully compatible with the h.264 and ACC formats. This provides an opportunity to use other container formats.