MPEG is a special standard for compressing audio files and video files into a different format, which is most convenient for downloading or forwarding, say, over a global network. The specified standard was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group. It was created by the international organization ISO just in order to develop a standard for the compression and transmission of digital video and audio data. The official designation for this group is ISO / IEC JTC1 / SC29 WG11. The first time she met in Ottawa in May 1988. By 2005, up to 350 people became participants in the meetings. MPEG, that is, Moving Picture Experts Group, consists of 3 components: Audio, Video, System (combining and synchronizing the other two). There are different MPEG standards, which are also called phases: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-3, MPEG-4, MPEG-7. According to the MPEG-1 standard, for example, streams of video and audio data are sent at a speed of 150 kilobytes per second. The speed of a single-speed CD-ROM player is similar. Streams are managed by sampling key video frames and filling in areas that change between frames. This standard ensures the quality of the video image is significantly lower compared to the video that is transmitted on the television standard.
MXF is a multimedia container format designed for video to be packaged and edited. Such video material contains metadata, audio and video streams, which are encoded for various formats. The MXF extension was developed by the international company SMPTE, a market leader in cross-platform software and hardware solutions. The MXF extension, or Material Exchange Format File, is in most cases used by users who, as professionals, process, store and transmit video and audio information in the television and film industries. Professional camcorders use the same extension for recording. That's why the issue of playing MXF video is especially relevant. An MXF file is an output file when recording video / audio data from a TV tuner or some other hardware and software device. We are talking about devices whose purpose is to convert an analog signal to a digital one, and then process it. This is not to say that the MXF format is also in demand in terms of font in the SimCity 4 game program, which is a city-planning simulator. MXF is good first because it allows you to store multimedia data. Compression is possible, in fact, by any algorithm.