MPEG is a special standard for compressing audio files and video files into a different format, which is most convenient for downloading or forwarding, say, over a global network. The specified standard was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group. It was created by the international organization ISO just in order to develop a standard for the compression and transmission of digital video and audio data. The official designation for this group is ISO / IEC JTC1 / SC29 WG11. The first time she met in Ottawa in May 1988. By 2005, up to 350 people became participants in the meetings. MPEG, that is, Moving Picture Experts Group, consists of 3 components: Audio, Video, System (combining and synchronizing the other two). There are different MPEG standards, which are also called phases: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-3, MPEG-4, MPEG-7. According to the MPEG-1 standard, for example, streams of video and audio data are sent at a speed of 150 kilobytes per second. The speed of a single-speed CD-ROM player is similar. Streams are managed by sampling key video frames and filling in areas that change between frames. This standard ensures the quality of the video image is significantly lower compared to the video that is transmitted on the television standard.
SWF is a flash animation file format created as a flash development application. In particular, for Adobe Flash. Users of the global network had to watch advertising animations when the picture “comes to life” and changes, you just have to point the arrow of the manipulator on it. This format has gained great popularity in the global network, because it uses videos and banners, as well as special flash-games. Such files usually contain text or animation, in which there are inserts of vector, bitmap images, audio tracks, as well as scripts in the Action Script language. This extension belongs to the category of video files. This format was created in 1995 by the Future Wave Software group of Americans. At that time, Future Splash Animator had the SPL extension. A year has passed. Macromedia bought the extension rights and gave the application a new name - Macromedia Flash. And then, in 2005, this company was acquired by Adobe. It was then that the beginning of the modern history of this expansion was laid. In order to open files with the extension SWF (Small Web Format), you need a special application Adobe Flash Player or a web browser that works with Flash technology. In the browser, Goggle Chrome is a built-in flash player, and therefore there is no need to install anything additionally. Anyone who uses a browser, say Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer and others, must install the Adobe Flash module. Creating a SWF file will require Adobe Flash (Professional or Builder).