OPUS is an audio file that is encoded using the Ogg Opus format (lossy coding). It was created for online audio streaming, that is, in order to transmit sound through a global network. The format is being developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and Xiph.Org communities. Applies SILK codecs when used in Skype and CELT (from Xiph.Org), provides support for variable bitrate. Most often, the OPUS codec is used for video conferencing, game chats, VoIP telephony. OPUS is a free audio codec that has international standard status (IETF RFC 6716). Its main advantages are a low coding delay (from 2.5 to 60 ms) and its significant speed, an increased degree of compression of audio data with high-quality sound, as well as support for multi-channel audio (within 255 channels). In 2011, J. Skeglund of Google conducted two series of tests, during which OPUS coding and decoding were compared, taking into account the assessments of experts and ordinary listeners. Studies have shown that OPUS provides stereo music with the same quality as MP3 and better quality than G.719 64 kbps. OPUS offers great streaming capabilities with dynamic tweaking and very low latency. This is always high sound quality and excellent data compression. Full support for OPUS is provided by Mozilla applications. He is the key Skype audio codec.
H264 is a licensed video compression standard that is necessary in order to obtain a high degree of video stream compression while maintaining good quality. The H264 format has been widely used to record, process and store data from an external surveillance camera. That is, a file with an extension of H264 is essentially a video. The file was developed by Video Coding Experts Group. The specificity of the H264 format is that video data is compressed to a minimum size. Moreover, the resolution settings for video and audio quality are at a high level. The format is innovative. He found widespread use on vehicle video recorders and outdoor surveillance cameras. H.264 is a video compression codec that requests the video container needed to store encoded videos. This is a proprietary video codec that uses highly efficient compression algorithms and delivers great video quality. The main advantage of the H264 format is its high compression ratio when it is necessary to maintain the proper quality of video and audio data. When working with video recorders such as a camera and a DVR, which can be long and even continuous, this is very important if it is not possible to clean the physical memory. For users, the H264 video format is very popular. And therefore, there is practically no problem with playing back an H264 file. It can be opened online. For this, standard Windows tools are used. Say Media Player. Specialized programs are also used.