OPUS is an audio file that is encoded using the Ogg Opus format (lossy coding). It was created for online audio streaming, that is, in order to transmit sound through a global network. The format is being developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and Xiph.Org communities. Applies SILK codecs when used in Skype and CELT (from Xiph.Org), provides support for variable bitrate. Most often, the OPUS codec is used for video conferencing, game chats, VoIP telephony. OPUS is a free audio codec that has international standard status (IETF RFC 6716). Its main advantages are a low coding delay (from 2.5 to 60 ms) and its significant speed, an increased degree of compression of audio data with high-quality sound, as well as support for multi-channel audio (within 255 channels). In 2011, J. Skeglund of Google conducted two series of tests, during which OPUS coding and decoding were compared, taking into account the assessments of experts and ordinary listeners. Studies have shown that OPUS provides stereo music with the same quality as MP3 and better quality than G.719 64 kbps. OPUS offers great streaming capabilities with dynamic tweaking and very low latency. This is always high sound quality and excellent data compression. Full support for OPUS is provided by Mozilla applications. He is the key Skype audio codec.
MKV is an open container format for audio and video data created by Russian developers. The name of the format originates from the name of the project - Matroska (Matryoshka) with the addition of the first letter of the word Video. This format is considered an alternative to the much more popular AVI, but has not yet reached such a scale of distribution. MKV files are quite common among owners of fairly old mobile devices with Symbian OS and at the same time among those who prefer to watch video in FullHD, since MKV has good dynamics of transmitting video / audio streams. MKV with a wide range of features, in particular, storing audio tracks in different languages, is easy to edit, there are no freezes in large files.