RM is a video file format developed by RealNetworks. It uses the RealPlayer player, that is, a program for streaming audio and video files. The format contains audio and video data or links to streaming, which can be played back as it downloads. The RealMedia Player program was in great demand when they connected to the Internet using a modem, and when there was practically no broadband access to the global network. The large compression ratio of the format provided the opportunity to carry out online transmission of video and audio data. The quality of the output file, as a rule, was low. Today, such files are often used in order to broadcast Internet radio and Internet video. In the .RM format, music and video are found on the global network or on Western cable channels, on Internet radio stations. Support for this format is carried out by such mobile phones and smartphones as Nokia, Ericsson, Sony, iPhone, as well as mobile devices that operate on the Google Android operating system. Files with the extension .RM are compressed using proprietary codecs RealVideo and RealAudio. Individual Real Media files can be played using a VLC media player that partially supports RM files.
OPUS is an audio file that is encoded using the Ogg Opus format (lossy coding). It was created for online audio streaming, that is, in order to transmit sound through a global network. The format is being developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and Xiph.Org communities. Applies SILK codecs when used in Skype and CELT (from Xiph.Org), provides support for variable bitrate. Most often, the OPUS codec is used for video conferencing, game chats, VoIP telephony. OPUS is a free audio codec that has international standard status (IETF RFC 6716). Its main advantages are a low coding delay (from 2.5 to 60 ms) and its significant speed, an increased degree of compression of audio data with high-quality sound, as well as support for multi-channel audio (within 255 channels). In 2011, J. Skeglund of Google conducted two series of tests, during which OPUS coding and decoding were compared, taking into account the assessments of experts and ordinary listeners. Studies have shown that OPUS provides stereo music with the same quality as MP3 and better quality than G.719 64 kbps. OPUS offers great streaming capabilities with dynamic tweaking and very low latency. This is always high sound quality and excellent data compression. Full support for OPUS is provided by Mozilla applications. He is the key Skype audio codec.