RTF is one of the most common text formats that has a long history. After all, it was developed back in 1982 at Microsoft. The name of the format is an abbreviation of the English Rich Text Format File. Compared to DOC, this is a more universal format that can be used by almost any, even the simplest, text editors. Another of its features is the ability to transfer text between different programs, if the operating system provides the function of export / import of RTF files. Users also appreciate RTF for the fact that such a document can only contain text, without additional heavy macros.
DOC is the most popular text file format. Its full name is Microsoft Word Document, but the short version is more convenient and practical. This format was created for working with text documents in a paid text editor Microsoft Word office suite Microsoft Office. A file of this format contains not only a text document itself, but also a complete set of data on its formatting - paragraphs, indents, fonts, lists, text alignment, and much more. In addition, the DOC format makes it possible to include tables, charts, images in a text document. Working with such files is also available in many free programs or online services.