TAR.GZ is a file format of the archived and compressed categories. The original name this format bears is the Compressed Tarball File. Its developer is The GNU Project. TAR files (archives) are compressed using the standard GNU ZIP compression (gzip) algorithm. The main function of files of the specified format is to pack files, programs and installation files on Unix operating systems. Such archives simultaneously contain files of the .TAR and .GZ categories. To open them, you must first unzip them in the traditional way, and then extract them using the TAR utility.
ZIP is one of the most popular and common archive or compressed file formats. The full name is Zipped File and the original name is Compressed ZIP archive file. The ZIP extension, which is used to package or compress files, was developed back in 1989. Its creator was Phil Katz, founder of PKWARE Corporation. Initially, the format was used in the PKZIP program, but now there are many other utilities to work with ZIP files. The ZIP format uses a standard compression type for compression, in which all individual files in the archive are compressed separately.