TIFF is a format that allows you to store raster graphics with tags. It was developed by Aldus Corporation in conjunction with Microsoft so that it can be used with PostScript. Aldus Corporation owns specifications. Subsequently, this company merged with Adobe Systems. It is she who now owns the copyright to these specifications. Typically, TIFF files (Tagged Image File Format) are with the extension .tiff or .tif. Aldus was specifically engaged in the development of the format in order to achieve the preservation of scanned images. The popularity of TIFF can be explained by the fact that it is preferred in order to store images that have a large color depth. The format is used to send faxes, scan, recognize texts. It is widely supported in the printing industry. TIFF was chosen as the main graphic format of the NeXTSTEP operating system. Then from this system TIFF support migrated to Mac OS X. At first, the format supported lossless compression. Then it was supplemented in order to support lossy compression in JPEG format. We emphasize that the maximum weight of a document, if stored in this form, is no more than 4 GB. To open a TIFF file larger than 2 GB, you must run Photoshop CS.
PCX is one of the first bitmap image formats developed by ZSoft for the PC Paintbrush program. This is the original bitmap format for the DOS / Windows platform. It supports monochrome single-bit black and white images, an eight-bit gray scale, indexed color images, and full-color 24-bit RGB model images. But there is no support for additional color and alpha channels, clipping paths, color management. The format provides for the application of the simplest compression algorithm (RLE) so that information is not lost. Now it has a purely historical significance. The PCX file format has been replaced by newer image formats. However, the format is still used in separate applications in order to scan and send faxes. PCX multi-page fax documents use the .DCX extension. Most DOS-based programs are suitable for viewing PCX (PC eXchange) files. In particular, the viewer Norton Commander. The big drawback of the PCX format is that it has too many versions. This can be explained by the fact that the PCX standard is open, and therefore it has been widely used by most independent software developers. And therefore it is constantly updated.