VOB is a DVD-based multimedia container video file format developed by the DVD Forum. It is based on MPEG-2. A file with the .VOB extension can have video and audio streams, audio and video data, subtitles, disc menus, and navigation content. And all this is combined into a common stream. In this case, video playback is carried out in MPEG-2 format, and audio in various audio formats. Most often, the AC-3 format is used for this, since it provides the most favorable ratio of bitrate and sound quality. The VOB format has gained popularity as files in which you can store video and sound on DVD discs. As a rule, if they have such an extension, then the files have a place in the VIDEO_TS DVD folder in the DVD root directory. Typically, .VOB format videos are opened using any video player that supports MPEG-2 compression. There are many free players that support the .VOB format. In particular, Zoom Player, Media Player Classic VLC, Media Player, Light Alloy and others. Now popular is the paid player CyberLink PowerDVD, which has rich functionality. He specializes in playing DVD videos. VOB video files, originally called DVD Video Object File, can be accompanied by .IFO and .BUP information files.
RM is a video file format developed by RealNetworks. It uses the RealPlayer player, that is, a program for streaming audio and video files. The format contains audio and video data or links to streaming, which can be played back as it downloads. The RealMedia Player program was in great demand when they connected to the Internet using a modem, and when there was practically no broadband access to the global network. The large compression ratio of the format provided the opportunity to carry out online transmission of video and audio data. The quality of the output file, as a rule, was low. Today, such files are often used in order to broadcast Internet radio and Internet video. In the .RM format, music and video are found on the global network or on Western cable channels, on Internet radio stations. Support for this format is carried out by such mobile phones and smartphones as Nokia, Ericsson, Sony, iPhone, as well as mobile devices that operate on the Google Android operating system. Files with the extension .RM are compressed using proprietary codecs RealVideo and RealAudio. Individual Real Media files can be played using a VLC media player that partially supports RM files.