WMA is a widespread licensed audio stream compression format. Created in 1999 by Signal Processing Group, a member of the IT giant Microsoft. Initially, this company created WMA as a competitor to the popular MP3 format. The name WMA is an abbreviation for Windows Media Audio. Among the advantages of this format is the support of almost all Windows systems and devices, as well as the similarity in characteristics and quality with MP3 files. It is believed that a compressed WMA audio file with a bit rate of 160 kbit / s is fully consistent with the quality of an MP3 file with a bit rate of 256 kbit / s. Today, even Apple devices support the WMA format.
AVI is a video file format developed by Microsoft. The Video for Windows package, within the framework of which the AVI format appeared, was developed by this company in November 1992. It was intended for the operating system Windows 3.1. Since then, for a quarter of a century, the AVI format has remained the main one for storing video files in all versions of Windows operating systems. The name of the format is an abbreviation of the full name Audio Video Interleave File. The format is used to store video data encrypted using a variety of codecs. AVI files, as a rule, use much less compression in comparison with similar formats.