AVI is a video file format developed by Microsoft. The Video for Windows package, within the framework of which the AVI format appeared, was developed by this company in November 1992. It was intended for the operating system Windows 3.1. Since then, for a quarter of a century, the AVI format has remained the main one for storing video files in all versions of Windows operating systems. The name of the format is an abbreviation of the full name Audio Video Interleave File. The format is used to store video data encrypted using a variety of codecs. AVI files, as a rule, use much less compression in comparison with similar formats.
MPEG is a special standard for compressing audio files and video files into a different format, which is most convenient for downloading or forwarding, say, over a global network. The specified standard was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group. It was created by the international organization ISO just in order to develop a standard for the compression and transmission of digital video and audio data. The official designation for this group is ISO / IEC JTC1 / SC29 WG11. The first time she met in Ottawa in May 1988. By 2005, up to 350 people became participants in the meetings. MPEG, that is, Moving Picture Experts Group, consists of 3 components: Audio, Video, System (combining and synchronizing the other two). There are different MPEG standards, which are also called phases: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-3, MPEG-4, MPEG-7. According to the MPEG-1 standard, for example, streams of video and audio data are sent at a speed of 150 kilobytes per second. The speed of a single-speed CD-ROM player is similar. Streams are managed by sampling key video frames and filling in areas that change between frames. This standard ensures the quality of the video image is significantly lower compared to the video that is transmitted on the television standard.