CR2 is a graphic file format developed by the manufacturer of camcorders and cameras Canon. This means that all images made by the equipment of this manufacturer are saved by default in CR2 format (short name from Canon Raw Image File). One of the most attractive properties of images of the specified format is their high quality, even if the file is being edited (color balance, contrast, brightness change). Data for the CR2 format image is obtained directly from the matrix. Among the main drawbacks of the format are the large file size, as well as poor compatibility with other software products.
JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.