CRW is a highly specialized graphic file format developed by the manufacturer of the famous Canon cameras. It is designed to record “raw” images captured by different models of a digital camera Canon. In its characteristics, it is very similar to another proprietary format of this developer - CR2. The main advantage of the CWR format is the preservation of the quality of the digital image as it comes from the camera matrix. The format also contains metadata, namely: conditions for photographing and fixing the image, default image processing settings, camera model.
PEF is a highly specialized raster image format. Created by the manufacturer of Pentax cameras for storing digital images taken by these devices. The name is an abbreviation for Pentax Electronic File. PEF files are digital photographs (RAW) without any compression, color editing or distortion. Data taken directly from the Pentax camera sensor. This format is also used by some Samsung cameras. At the same time, PEF format files are not compatible with image viewers, they cannot be printed and edited in graphic editors, they are not available for posting online. All this is possible only when converting to another format.