FLAC is a free cross-platform audio codec format created in 2001 by Josh Colson and Xiph.Org. The name of the format is an abbreviation of the English phrase Free Lossless Audio Codec. When compressing a file into the FLAC format, it is 50-60% of the original file without loss of sound quality (especially when working with voice recordings). When unpacking such a file, absolute originality is respected. Since the format is free and open, it is supported by almost any software, it is perfect for archiving files and for regular listening to digital recordings.
RA is a streaming audio file category format designed to play audio over a wide area network. The RA (RealAudio) file format was developed by RealNetworks in the mid-90s of the last century. The file itself contains encoded audio information, but it may also contain links to audio content. It may contain audio data or reference an audio streaming file. In order to compress the data, they use their own Real compression algorithm with a variable bitrate, as well as a variety of codecs. The .ra file format is a common format required to play streaming audio on the Internet. Real Audio is a standard format for playing audio clips in a web browser. As a rule, they use the RealOne Player to play it. However, due to the fact that it is completely unsuitable and clogged with advertising, they recommend the RealAlternative package. Previously, most radio stations broadcasting online used this particular format. Also until 2009, the format was used on its website by BBC. Currently, the RA format is not so popular among those who broadcast online, since new technologies have already been introduced.