JP2 is a bitmap image format. The JP2 format, i.e. JPEG 2000 image, was developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group. The JP2 file can be in the form of a photograph, drawing, digital fax, etc. File type: JPEG 2000 Core Image File. JPEG 2000 is the patent-pending bitmap image format. It has been licensed free of charge, and now it is an international standard (ISO / IEC 15444-1: 2004). Compared to the previous JPEG-1 standard, JPEG 2000 uses a completely different method to compress data (wavelet transform, wavelet transform). This method generally ensures higher image quality. It also gives a more compact file size. The JP2 format has a lot in common with the JPEG format, which is now especially popular. However, it differs in that it uses wavelet transform technology for compression, and discrete cosine transform has found application in JPEG. Using the first technology, you can get a better image, even when the file size is relatively smaller. There are also JP2 files with the extensions .J2K, JPF, MJ2, JPX and JPM. In order to open a file of this format, that is, to edit, use programs such as Mozilla Firefox, Adobe Photoshop, ACD Systems ACDSee, Google Chrome.
MEF is Mamiya's own RAW format. A high-quality Japanese brand is well known to those who take professional photographs. His story began in the 1940s. It was then that camera designer Seiichi Mamiya and investor Tsunejiro Sugawara created Mamiya. Mamiya ZD cameras are the first mid-format digital cameras. The expanded name of the MEF format is Mamiya RAW Image. He gained fame as a format of "digital negatives". Mamiya has developed this format in order to use it in cameras of its own production. At the same time, the main goal was to store the photos in an uncompressed form, so that later they would be processed without losing quality. The format is built on the principle of a RAW file. It contains a complete set of information that is received from the camera lens. RAW images are uncompressed files. They can be customized using image editing software. They are often preferred by professional photographers, because they are tasked with having high-quality images with many details. An MEF file is capable of storing an image as if it had been made into a CCD camera device. In most cases, it is stored on a memory card, and then transferred to a computer in order to edit and publish.