JP2 is a bitmap image format. The JP2 format, i.e. JPEG 2000 image, was developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group. The JP2 file can be in the form of a photograph, drawing, digital fax, etc. File type: JPEG 2000 Core Image File. JPEG 2000 is the patent-pending bitmap image format. It has been licensed free of charge, and now it is an international standard (ISO / IEC 15444-1: 2004). Compared to the previous JPEG-1 standard, JPEG 2000 uses a completely different method to compress data (wavelet transform, wavelet transform). This method generally ensures higher image quality. It also gives a more compact file size. The JP2 format has a lot in common with the JPEG format, which is now especially popular. However, it differs in that it uses wavelet transform technology for compression, and discrete cosine transform has found application in JPEG. Using the first technology, you can get a better image, even when the file size is relatively smaller. There are also JP2 files with the extensions .J2K, JPF, MJ2, JPX and JPM. In order to open a file of this format, that is, to edit, use programs such as Mozilla Firefox, Adobe Photoshop, ACD Systems ACDSee, Google Chrome.
PCX is one of the first bitmap image formats developed by ZSoft for the PC Paintbrush program. This is the original bitmap format for the DOS / Windows platform. It supports monochrome single-bit black and white images, an eight-bit gray scale, indexed color images, and full-color 24-bit RGB model images. But there is no support for additional color and alpha channels, clipping paths, color management. The format provides for the application of the simplest compression algorithm (RLE) so that information is not lost. Now it has a purely historical significance. The PCX file format has been replaced by newer image formats. However, the format is still used in separate applications in order to scan and send faxes. PCX multi-page fax documents use the .DCX extension. Most DOS-based programs are suitable for viewing PCX (PC eXchange) files. In particular, the viewer Norton Commander. The big drawback of the PCX format is that it has too many versions. This can be explained by the fact that the PCX standard is open, and therefore it has been widely used by most independent software developers. And therefore it is constantly updated.