JP2 is a bitmap image format. The JP2 format, i.e. JPEG 2000 image, was developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group. The JP2 file can be in the form of a photograph, drawing, digital fax, etc. File type: JPEG 2000 Core Image File. JPEG 2000 is the patent-pending bitmap image format. It has been licensed free of charge, and now it is an international standard (ISO / IEC 15444-1: 2004). Compared to the previous JPEG-1 standard, JPEG 2000 uses a completely different method to compress data (wavelet transform, wavelet transform). This method generally ensures higher image quality. It also gives a more compact file size. The JP2 format has a lot in common with the JPEG format, which is now especially popular. However, it differs in that it uses wavelet transform technology for compression, and discrete cosine transform has found application in JPEG. Using the first technology, you can get a better image, even when the file size is relatively smaller. There are also JP2 files with the extensions .J2K, JPF, MJ2, JPX and JPM. In order to open a file of this format, that is, to edit, use programs such as Mozilla Firefox, Adobe Photoshop, ACD Systems ACDSee, Google Chrome.
PNM is a raster image category format. This is a bitmap bitmap created in Portable Any Map format. As you know, this format was intended from the very beginning to process some types of portable monochrome black and white images (PBM), color images (PPM) and grayscale images with shades of gray (PGM). Allows the inclusion of raster graphics data in the .PBM, .PGM or .PPM format. Such formats can provide an intermediate representation of data during the conversion of raster graphic files by different platforms. Separate applications support these three formats directly because they are defined as the PNM format. Able to be stored using binary data or ASCII text. PNM is the common format for the Netpbm package. It contains intermediate files that are used when it comes to converting several open source programs called Portable Bitmap. The PPM format was developed by J. Poskanzer. This is the easiest format for storing graphics. PNM files store one image. They do not apply compression. To view and process a bitmap image in PNM format, you can use programs such as GIMP, ImageMagick, Newera Graphics Converter Pro, XnViewMP. The same programs are able to convert images of this format.