JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.
EMF is a vector graphics file for Windows operating system applications. Most image editing applications recognize it. The format was developed in 2007 by Microsoft. This is an integral part of Windows and a version of the original Windows Metafile Format (WMF), extended and expanded. It only supports 16-bit data. Image color data is stored in RGB format. There is no support for CMYK data. EMF (i.e. Enhanced Windows Metafile) can be used as a graphical language for printer drivers. It is used, in particular, to store collections of graphic images of Microsoft Clip Gallery. WMF also found application when it is necessary to transfer information through the clipboard (clipboard). From the Windows operating system, writing and reading to a file of this format can be carried out quickly and without problems. An EMF file is opened using a variety of utilities. For this, for example, IrfanView, CorelDRAW, Inkscape and GIMP are suitable. EMF files, like WMF, have a list of entries. Each of them is a specific team for drawing. Arguments that were 16-bit in WMF became 32-bit in EMF. EMF has features that introduce new arguments.