JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.
J2K is a raster image category file format. It is a compressed bitmap using wave compression instead of DCT compression, which is used by standard .JPEG images. The format supports 16-bit color, alpha transparency and lossless compression. The file type is JPEG 2000 Image. The J2K file format was developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG). J2K is an update to the JPEG format that includes original features. Say alpha channel support and lossless compression. J2K is a segment of a large package of updated JPEG extensions. They gained fame as JPEG2000. Such as J2C, JPX, JPM or JP2. The lion's share of such formats are combined with the main programs so that you can view images. However, JPEG is particularly popular. For those who specialize in photography, it is important that they have the opportunity to reduce the file size, while saving it on disk with the same frame size and at the same high visual quality. How to get out of this situation? You can, for example, store images in JPEG2000 format with the file extension jp2 or j2k. The compression algorithm and the format itself have been known for over 10 years. Nevertheless, there is no need to talk about its widespread use. That's because his "big brother" JPEG is firmly holding on to its position.