JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.
JPF is a raster image category file format that is the successor to the .JPEG image format. Like some other file name extensions (.jpx, .jp2, .j2k), the .jpf extension refers to the JPEG 2000 image format. It is needed to designate the JPEG 2000 Image file type. And JPEG 2000 files are an international standard (ISO / IEC 15444) bitmap format. It was developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group, JPEG. It serves as a good replacement for the JPEG standard, which is older, but, as before, is in demand and widespread. Compared to JPEG in JPF format, wavelet compression is used, due to the alpha channel transparency is supported, as well as a variety of color models. Also, compared to JPEG, this format provides better scalability of images, provides the ability to achieve smaller file sizes and have a higher level of quality. The format is able to combine compression with losses and without losses. Provides support for image transparency and additional metadata information. It can be viewed in QuickTime Player 7, as in recent versions of Photoshop, provided that the JPEG2000.8bi plugin is installed. Many images also have the extension .JP2 or .JPX.