JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.
PFM is a font metric data file. It is also one of the formats of the font file category. This applies to fonts in the Adobe Type 1 (= postscript) category used by the Microsoft Windows operating system. The format contains font character sizes. He asks for the font associated file extension .PFB. It does not have the glyphs of the font itself, but with its help, the correct display of the PFB file is obtained. PFM files, that is, the Printer Font Metrics File, contain metric information about the fonts that applications use to lay out lines of text in a document. PostScipt Type 1 fonts have multiple files. The package usually comes with a couple of files with the extensions PFB and PFM. However, there may be 3 files with the extensions AFM, PFB and INF, or all 4 files - PFM, PFB, INF, AFM. Windows 7 and Windows Vista must have PFM. Modern versions of Windows have built-in tools for installing fonts of all formats. The installation procedure is the same for all font formats, but it differs for different versions of Windows. After installation, you may need to restart the application. Only then will the new fonts appear in the font list. You can open the PFM file using programs such as Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Creative Suite, Microsoft Windows Font Viewer, Microsoft Windows.