JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.
PPM is an image file format that is included in the Netpbm open source graphics editor. This graphic format is convenient and simple. Other Netpbm formats that have found widespread use are PBM, i.e. Portable Bitmap, as well as PGM, i.e. Portable Graymap. This three graphic formats are sometimes referred to as PNM, i.e. Portable Format Anymap. PGM stores grayscale images. PMP is a collection of color images, which are intermediate files that are used when converting formats not so well known, using Portable Bitmap Utilities. And PPM files are mainly used on UNIX platforms that are based on Intel. These files are categorized as bitmap images. This is a 24-bit color image that has been formatted in text format. Takes every pixel with a number from zero to 65536 for storage. The color of the pixel is determined by the number. Contains data spaces, the height and width of the character, the maximum color values. Portable Pixmap uses an uncompressed low-performance format that can be compared with other bitmap image formats. This explains its rare use in order to store large images.