JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.
WebP is an open-source format for image files, raster images. Created in 2010 by Google for web graphics in order to quickly upload images to web pages. This is the main advantage of WebP files. Compression of images in this format can go with or without loss, depending on what level of quality you want to achieve. Thus, lossless compression is 26% better than in PNG files. If quality loss is acceptable, then compression in WebP format is 25-34% better than in JPEG files. Full support for WebP is not yet available on Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Safari.