MKV is an open container format for audio and video data created by Russian developers. The name of the format originates from the name of the project - Matroska (Matryoshka) with the addition of the first letter of the word Video. This format is considered an alternative to the much more popular AVI, but has not yet reached such a scale of distribution. MKV files are quite common among owners of fairly old mobile devices with Symbian OS and at the same time among those who prefer to watch video in FullHD, since MKV has good dynamics of transmitting video / audio streams. MKV with a wide range of features, in particular, storing audio tracks in different languages, is easy to edit, there are no freezes in large files.
ALAC is the format of a small specialized program called an audio codec. Its main task is to compress a file with digital music without losing its quality. The name of the format created by Apple's IT giant is Apple's abbreviation Lossless Audio Codec. This format may also be called ALE (from Apple Lossless Encoder). Files in this format can play devices even with limited computing resources - such as an iPod. When compressing a file in this format, it is approximately 40-60% of the original file. Now almost every multimedia player based on the libavcodec library is able to play ALAC format files.