MP3 is the most common music (sound) file format. This format was developed by Fraunhofer IIS and Thomson. This format for storing and transmitting music (sound) files in digital form uses signal compression technology. That is why, unlike the previously widespread WAV format, MP3 files (full name - MPEG Audio Layer-3) are much smaller in size, and their sound quality is much higher. The MP3 format was one of the first and most successful sound compression methods. One of the important characteristics of this process is the degree of compression, that is, how much data is transferred per unit of time. Standard MP3 encoding is from 64 to 320 kb / s.
3GA is a 3GPP audio file created in 1998. It was created by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project. It is used mainly on mobile devices in order to record, play and transmit audio data. 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) is a consortium that develops specifications for mobile telephony. The format resembles 3GP files, however, it includes only audio data. In most cases, 3GA files are used by mobile phones in order to record and transmit audio data. For example, this is how audio is recorded in Samsung Galaxy phones. The .3GA file extension can be changed to .3GP, which is widespread. Everything is supported by many programs. The 3GA format uses an adaptive coding audio codec with variable speed (AMR, AMR-NB, GSM-AMR). The development of this codec was done in order to compress encoded speech signals using adaptive modulation. In 1999, the 3GPP consortium adopted the Adaptive Variable Rate Coding (AMR) standard. Currently, it is used by GSM and UMTS communication systems. It is this format for speech recording that has found wide application on mobile devices. We note at the same time that it is not possible to play such files very often on certain devices.