MP3 is the most common music (sound) file format. This format was developed by Fraunhofer IIS and Thomson. This format for storing and transmitting music (sound) files in digital form uses signal compression technology. That is why, unlike the previously widespread WAV format, MP3 files (full name - MPEG Audio Layer-3) are much smaller in size, and their sound quality is much higher. The MP3 format was one of the first and most successful sound compression methods. One of the important characteristics of this process is the degree of compression, that is, how much data is transferred per unit of time. Standard MP3 encoding is from 64 to 320 kb / s.
MKA is an audio container format. It supports some types of audio compression algorithms. The .mka file extension belongs to the Matroska format (Matröška, Matryoshka). Thus, it serves to specifically designate the file type "Matroska Audio File" (Matroska Audio File). Matroska is an open cross-platform standard. It is a modern extensible multimedia container format. It is error resistant. It is suitable for streaming HTTP / RTP. Supports multiple subtitle tracks, audio, video. The Matroska standard is supported in the native mode by many software players and hardware devices, including, for example, receivers, televisions, smartphones, etc. A .mka file is a regular Matroska container that has one or more audio tracks. They are encoded by any of the supported codecs. In most cases, AAC and AC3 (Dolby Digital) codecs are used. Playing a .mka file needs the support of the standard Matroska container format. But not only. There must also be a specific audio codec with which the tracks are encoded. Often, MKA files are used as external audio tracks for movies in other languages. Or with other content, or with sound quality. Say multi-channel sound, director’s comments. .Mka audio files are used as containers for high-quality multi-channel music.