MP3 is the most common music (sound) file format. This format was developed by Fraunhofer IIS and Thomson. This format for storing and transmitting music (sound) files in digital form uses signal compression technology. That is why, unlike the previously widespread WAV format, MP3 files (full name - MPEG Audio Layer-3) are much smaller in size, and their sound quality is much higher. The MP3 format was one of the first and most successful sound compression methods. One of the important characteristics of this process is the degree of compression, that is, how much data is transferred per unit of time. Standard MP3 encoding is from 64 to 320 kb / s.
MP2 is an extension of compressed MPEG Layer II audio files. This type of file is still the standard format for digital television and radio. However, most users prefer the MP3 format. The MP2 file is compatible with most portable audio players. We emphasize that for certain devices it is necessary to convert MP2 files to MP3 format. Note that MP2 files are not identical to MPEG-2 video files. Typically, an MPEG-2 video file is used as an MPG extension. In some cases, MP2 files are called musicam files, which cannot be considered correct. In the 80s of the last century, specialists developed many versions of MP files. It was then that the developers of the International Standardization Organization Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) were engaged in new standards for digital encoding of audio and video data. Part of the initial release of the MP1 files were 3 separate layers of the audio file. In the 90s, they developed the MP2 format. To this day, this format is used for digital television and radio broadcasting. Due to its broad support for MPEG-1, MP2 files can be played, saved, converted and edited by a multitude of multimedia players and audio editors on a wide variety of platforms and operating systems.