MPC is one of the files of the Audio category. This unlicensed file format is intended to store audio information. The MPC format (i.e. Musepack Compressed Audio File) was created by Musepack. Musepack is a lossy compression scheme developed by German programmer Andree Buschmann. He started creating the codec in 1997. At that time he had the name MP +. The developer was not satisfied with the existing quality of MP3 coding. The algorithm is based on MP2 (MPEG-1 Layer 2), where there are 32 frequency bands, but with significant improvements. Over the past years, it has undergone revision and has become much better. It is currently at a more advanced stage, which contains highly optimized and unpatented source code. The MPC encoding quality at high bitrates (160 Kbps and more) is much higher than the quality that MP3 provides. During coding, a different psychoacoustic compression algorithm is used. In MPC, frequencies that ignore MP3 encoders do not disappear. The specificity of MPC is the fine tuning of psychoacoustics. This provides the ability to operate with pure VBR encoding (variable bit rate encoding). The main task of Musepack is to obtain the highest transparency of sound.
MP2 is an extension of compressed MPEG Layer II audio files. This type of file is still the standard format for digital television and radio. However, most users prefer the MP3 format. The MP2 file is compatible with most portable audio players. We emphasize that for certain devices it is necessary to convert MP2 files to MP3 format. Note that MP2 files are not identical to MPEG-2 video files. Typically, an MPEG-2 video file is used as an MPG extension. In some cases, MP2 files are called musicam files, which cannot be considered correct. In the 80s of the last century, specialists developed many versions of MP files. It was then that the developers of the International Standardization Organization Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) were engaged in new standards for digital encoding of audio and video data. Part of the initial release of the MP1 files were 3 separate layers of the audio file. In the 90s, they developed the MP2 format. To this day, this format is used for digital television and radio broadcasting. Due to its broad support for MPEG-1, MP2 files can be played, saved, converted and edited by a multitude of multimedia players and audio editors on a wide variety of platforms and operating systems.