MPEG is a special standard for compressing audio files and video files into a different format, which is most convenient for downloading or forwarding, say, over a global network. The specified standard was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group. It was created by the international organization ISO just in order to develop a standard for the compression and transmission of digital video and audio data. The official designation for this group is ISO / IEC JTC1 / SC29 WG11. The first time she met in Ottawa in May 1988. By 2005, up to 350 people became participants in the meetings. MPEG, that is, Moving Picture Experts Group, consists of 3 components: Audio, Video, System (combining and synchronizing the other two). There are different MPEG standards, which are also called phases: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-3, MPEG-4, MPEG-7. According to the MPEG-1 standard, for example, streams of video and audio data are sent at a speed of 150 kilobytes per second. The speed of a single-speed CD-ROM player is similar. Streams are managed by sampling key video frames and filling in areas that change between frames. This standard ensures the quality of the video image is significantly lower compared to the video that is transmitted on the television standard.
Ogg is a relatively young format of modern audio formats, which is consistently among the three most popular and competes worthy with MP3. This format (full name Ogg Audio File) appeared in 2002, was developed by the nonprofit organization Xiph.Org Foundation, is free and free. Ogg files are very convenient for storing data, because they have a high degree of compression. For users, Ogg is attractive precisely for this, as well as high quality sound. It is also attractive because it is an effective alternative to paid audio formats. You can listen to these files in Winamp, AIMP, VLC, XMMS software players.