MPEG is a special standard for compressing audio files and video files into a different format, which is most convenient for downloading or forwarding, say, over a global network. The specified standard was developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group. It was created by the international organization ISO just in order to develop a standard for the compression and transmission of digital video and audio data. The official designation for this group is ISO / IEC JTC1 / SC29 WG11. The first time she met in Ottawa in May 1988. By 2005, up to 350 people became participants in the meetings. MPEG, that is, Moving Picture Experts Group, consists of 3 components: Audio, Video, System (combining and synchronizing the other two). There are different MPEG standards, which are also called phases: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-3, MPEG-4, MPEG-7. According to the MPEG-1 standard, for example, streams of video and audio data are sent at a speed of 150 kilobytes per second. The speed of a single-speed CD-ROM player is similar. Streams are managed by sampling key video frames and filling in areas that change between frames. This standard ensures the quality of the video image is significantly lower compared to the video that is transmitted on the television standard.
WebM is an open multimedia file format developed by Google's IT giant. It was first introduced by the developer on May 19, 2010 at the Google I / O conference. Typically, WebM files store video with compression using VP8 technology, as well as audio with compression using Ogg Vorbis compression. The initial developer of VP8 technology is ON2, which Google later acquired. WebM format provides efficient compression and high quality video. The format is supported by Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Opera. When installing the necessary codecs in Windows, this format is also supported in Internet Explorer.