PDF is short for Portable Document Format, which can be translated from English as “Portable Document Format”. It was developed by Adobe Systems for use by US federal authorities as a tool for storing working documents. This is a universal cross-platform format, which is now standard for electronic documents. It serves to convert text files (including photographs or other images) into electronic documents without any loss. To read PDF files you need special programs - Adobe (Acrobat) Reader, PDF-Viewer and others.
PNG is a raster image format developed by PNG Development Group. The name PNG is an abbreviation for Portable Network Graphic. This image format is used primarily on the Internet for posting on web pages, since PNG files use Deflate compression without losing quality. The development of this format was undertaken in order to replace the GIF format, to which there were many complaints. PNG's image quality and specifications were much better, but unlike GIF, it does not support animation and uses the CMYK palette.