PEF is a highly specialized raster image format. Created by the manufacturer of Pentax cameras for storing digital images taken by these devices. The name is an abbreviation for Pentax Electronic File. PEF files are digital photographs (RAW) without any compression, color editing or distortion. Data taken directly from the Pentax camera sensor. This format is also used by some Samsung cameras. At the same time, PEF format files are not compatible with image viewers, they cannot be printed and edited in graphic editors, they are not available for posting online. All this is possible only when converting to another format.
JPEG is the most common and popular bitmap format. The form got its name from the name of the organization-developer Joint Photographic Experts Group. Files of this format are used today in all digital cameras and cameras. They have a good compression ratio and support 24-bit color depth. Since such compression significantly reduces image size with virtually no loss of quality, JPEG format is widespread on the Internet. However, the stronger the compression, the worse the quality. In addition, the JPEG format does not support the transparency option.