XCF is a file format from the raster graphics category developed by GIMP. The specified extension is considered the standard image format specifically for the GIMP graphics editor. In its characteristics, XCF is very similar to the PSD raster graphics format, which is native to Photoshop. XCF files do not support the function of saving the "history of cancellations", however, for other characteristics, they are highly praised by experts. So, they retain channels, transparency, layers, guides. Data compression in this format is lossless. The name of the format is associated with the organization of experimental computing (eXperimental Computing Facility) of the University of California, Berkeley.
JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.