3GPP is a multimedia file format that is primarily intended for storing audio and video files, as well as their transfer over 3G networks. This rather sophisticated technology was developed by the consortium Third (3rd) Generation Partnership Project, whose name gave the abbreviated name of this format (3GPP). The developer created this format so that the third generation of mobile phones can use smaller files. Another task is to unify the format of audio and video files for compatibility with various mobile devices. 3GPP files can be played not only on 3G phones, but also on 2G or 4G phones.
ALAC is the format of a small specialized program called an audio codec. Its main task is to compress a file with digital music without losing its quality. The name of the format created by Apple's IT giant is Apple's abbreviation Lossless Audio Codec. This format may also be called ALE (from Apple Lossless Encoder). Files in this format can play devices even with limited computing resources - such as an iPod. When compressing a file in this format, it is approximately 40-60% of the original file. Now almost every multimedia player based on the libavcodec library is able to play ALAC format files.