BMP is a graphic format that allows you to store bitmaps as a bitmap based on single-layer rasters. It was developed by Microsoft. She also implemented it in the Windows operating system. The BMP format (English Bitmap Picture) is used in the work of many programs, since its support is integrated into Windows and OS / 2. Files of this format can have the extensions .bmp, .dib or .rle. The BMP graphics format has often changed. From the very beginning, the image structure was built by combining small squares, that is, pixels, each of which is capable of containing data about what color depth is. It happens to be 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 32, 48 bits per pixel. The size of the final image depends on the bitness. The BMP file format still looks like a monster, since it has large sizes. After all, the image is uncompressed, which can not be said, for example, about the JPG format. Any Windows operating system has the means to open such images. The main editing tool has always been Paint - the native Microsoft program that is in every version of Windows. In BMP, images are stored in their original form, but compression algorithms can also be used. Let's say BMP provides quality support for RLE compression.
SVG is one of the formats of two-dimensional vector graphic files that are created on the basis of documents in XML format. The developer is Adobe Systems, and the name of the format is an abbreviation for Scalable Vector Graphics File. In the SVG format, not only two-dimensional vector images can be created, but also mixed vector-raster images. At the same time, SVG files are text files, and therefore they can be opened in most popular text editors. This extension is able to support both static and animated graphics. At the same time, when working with such files, editing occurs without loss of quality.