DNG is an open-source raster image format developed by Adobe Systems and an extension of the TIFF 6.0 cross-platform universal format. The name of the format is an abbreviation of Digital NeGative Specification. The novelty was announced by the developer in 2004 as a standard format for RAW files. It is large in size because it contains not only the main image of high quality, but also metadata, as well as several images for preview (lower quality and resolution). Digital photos in this format are stored in uncompressed form.
JPEG is the most common and popular bitmap format. The form got its name from the name of the organization-developer Joint Photographic Experts Group. Files of this format are used today in all digital cameras and cameras. They have a good compression ratio and support 24-bit color depth. Since such compression significantly reduces image size with virtually no loss of quality, JPEG format is widespread on the Internet. However, the stronger the compression, the worse the quality. In addition, the JPEG format does not support the transparency option.