JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.
MNG is an image file category format. It supports all possible PNG and JPEG compression algorithms (including gamma correction and translucency) in order to create animated images. It was available in the Mozilla browser from 2000 to 2003. Now supported by Konqueror browser. MNG, i.e. Multiple-image Network Graphics, has the closest connection with PNG. In 1995, when they started developing the PNG format, it was decided not to include animation support. For a simple reason: then this feature was used infrequently. And yet, we started working on MNG, that is, the version of PNG that supports animation. The initial version of the MNG specification was born in early 2001. The MNG format is a simplified raster analogue of Adobe Flash. Each frame has many layers, and they can be moved relative to each other, scaled, cropped. This explains the complexity of supporting the MNG format. As a result, the MNG file structure resembles the PNG structure. The only difference is the identification tag. And also that much more options of blocks (chunk) are applied. MNG frames are saved as PNG or JNG. Compared to GIF, this format supports animation. Compared to JPEG, it provides the smallest file size due to compression loss. Compared to PNG, compression is done without distortion. Now MNG is not supported by popular browsers and software, since it was replaced by a simpler APNG format.