ALAC is the format of a small specialized program called an audio codec. Its main task is to compress a file with digital music without losing its quality. The name of the format created by Apple's IT giant is Apple's abbreviation Lossless Audio Codec. This format may also be called ALE (from Apple Lossless Encoder). Files in this format can play devices even with limited computing resources - such as an iPod. When compressing a file in this format, it is approximately 40-60% of the original file. Now almost every multimedia player based on the libavcodec library is able to play ALAC format files.
AMR is a sound file format with a specific focus. Created a long time ago, before the advent of MP3. some sources call the developer Ericsson. The name of the format is an abbreviation for Adaptive Multi Rate. Sound files of this format are intended for mobile devices and in GSM cellular networks. Using this format provides a small file size due to the technology of signal coding in the speech frequency range. Effectively compressing audio recordings of human speech makes this format often used in voice recorders on mobile phones, for voice recordings, and for MMS messages.