ALAC is the format of a small specialized program called an audio codec. Its main task is to compress a file with digital music without losing its quality. The name of the format created by Apple's IT giant is Apple's abbreviation Lossless Audio Codec. This format may also be called ALE (from Apple Lossless Encoder). Files in this format can play devices even with limited computing resources - such as an iPod. When compressing a file in this format, it is approximately 40-60% of the original file. Now almost every multimedia player based on the libavcodec library is able to play ALAC format files.
3GA is a 3GPP audio file created in 1998. It was created by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project. It is used mainly on mobile devices in order to record, play and transmit audio data. 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) is a consortium that develops specifications for mobile telephony. The format resembles 3GP files, however, it includes only audio data. In most cases, 3GA files are used by mobile phones in order to record and transmit audio data. For example, this is how audio is recorded in Samsung Galaxy phones. The .3GA file extension can be changed to .3GP, which is widespread. Everything is supported by many programs. The 3GA format uses an adaptive coding audio codec with variable speed (AMR, AMR-NB, GSM-AMR). The development of this codec was done in order to compress encoded speech signals using adaptive modulation. In 1999, the 3GPP consortium adopted the Adaptive Variable Rate Coding (AMR) standard. Currently, it is used by GSM and UMTS communication systems. It is this format for speech recording that has found wide application on mobile devices. We note at the same time that it is not possible to play such files very often on certain devices.