MEF is Mamiya's own RAW format. A high-quality Japanese brand is well known to those who take professional photographs. His story began in the 1940s. It was then that camera designer Seiichi Mamiya and investor Tsunejiro Sugawara created Mamiya. Mamiya ZD cameras are the first mid-format digital cameras. The expanded name of the MEF format is Mamiya RAW Image. He gained fame as a format of "digital negatives". Mamiya has developed this format in order to use it in cameras of its own production. At the same time, the main goal was to store the photos in an uncompressed form, so that later they would be processed without losing quality. The format is built on the principle of a RAW file. It contains a complete set of information that is received from the camera lens. RAW images are uncompressed files. They can be customized using image editing software. They are often preferred by professional photographers, because they are tasked with having high-quality images with many details. An MEF file is capable of storing an image as if it had been made into a CCD camera device. In most cases, it is stored on a memory card, and then transferred to a computer in order to edit and publish.
MNG is an image file category format. It supports all possible PNG and JPEG compression algorithms (including gamma correction and translucency) in order to create animated images. It was available in the Mozilla browser from 2000 to 2003. Now supported by Konqueror browser. MNG, i.e. Multiple-image Network Graphics, has the closest connection with PNG. In 1995, when they started developing the PNG format, it was decided not to include animation support. For a simple reason: then this feature was used infrequently. And yet, we started working on MNG, that is, the version of PNG that supports animation. The initial version of the MNG specification was born in early 2001. The MNG format is a simplified raster analogue of Adobe Flash. Each frame has many layers, and they can be moved relative to each other, scaled, cropped. This explains the complexity of supporting the MNG format. As a result, the MNG file structure resembles the PNG structure. The only difference is the identification tag. And also that much more options of blocks (chunk) are applied. MNG frames are saved as PNG or JNG. Compared to GIF, this format supports animation. Compared to JPEG, it provides the smallest file size due to compression loss. Compared to PNG, compression is done without distortion. Now MNG is not supported by popular browsers and software, since it was replaced by a simpler APNG format.