MP2 is an extension of compressed MPEG Layer II audio files. This type of file is still the standard format for digital television and radio. However, most users prefer the MP3 format. The MP2 file is compatible with most portable audio players. We emphasize that for certain devices it is necessary to convert MP2 files to MP3 format. Note that MP2 files are not identical to MPEG-2 video files. Typically, an MPEG-2 video file is used as an MPG extension. In some cases, MP2 files are called musicam files, which cannot be considered correct. In the 80s of the last century, specialists developed many versions of MP files. It was then that the developers of the International Standardization Organization Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) were engaged in new standards for digital encoding of audio and video data. Part of the initial release of the MP1 files were 3 separate layers of the audio file. In the 90s, they developed the MP2 format. To this day, this format is used for digital television and radio broadcasting. Due to its broad support for MPEG-1, MP2 files can be played, saved, converted and edited by a multitude of multimedia players and audio editors on a wide variety of platforms and operating systems.
ALAC is the format of a small specialized program called an audio codec. Its main task is to compress a file with digital music without losing its quality. The name of the format created by Apple's IT giant is Apple's abbreviation Lossless Audio Codec. This format may also be called ALE (from Apple Lossless Encoder). Files in this format can play devices even with limited computing resources - such as an iPod. When compressing a file in this format, it is approximately 40-60% of the original file. Now almost every multimedia player based on the libavcodec library is able to play ALAC format files.