MPC is one of the files of the Audio category. This unlicensed file format is intended to store audio information. The MPC format (i.e. Musepack Compressed Audio File) was created by Musepack. Musepack is a lossy compression scheme developed by German programmer Andree Buschmann. He started creating the codec in 1997. At that time he had the name MP +. The developer was not satisfied with the existing quality of MP3 coding. The algorithm is based on MP2 (MPEG-1 Layer 2), where there are 32 frequency bands, but with significant improvements. Over the past years, it has undergone revision and has become much better. It is currently at a more advanced stage, which contains highly optimized and unpatented source code. The MPC encoding quality at high bitrates (160 Kbps and more) is much higher than the quality that MP3 provides. During coding, a different psychoacoustic compression algorithm is used. In MPC, frequencies that ignore MP3 encoders do not disappear. The specificity of MPC is the fine tuning of psychoacoustics. This provides the ability to operate with pure VBR encoding (variable bit rate encoding). The main task of Musepack is to obtain the highest transparency of sound.
AIF (AIFF) is an audio file format. Under the name Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF), it was developed in 1988 by Apple Computer Corporation. At the same time, the IFF format from the developer Electronic Arts has become the base. This format is commonly used on Apple Macintosh PCs. An AIFF file is an uncompressed CD-quality audio that is very similar to the .WAV format. Since there is no compression in AIFF, the file takes up more space compared to compressed counterparts: 1 minute of standard stereo audio usually takes about 10 MB. AIFF is a format that has found application in professional audio and video applications, because compared to such a popular format as mp3, the sound does not lose quality in it. The extension for a standard file of this format is .AIFF or .AIF. AIFF is mainly used in working with sound professionals who need to preserve high-quality sound bites, sound tracks. Most types of musical equipment support the loading of sound clips in AIFF format. AIFF audio files are usually large. They occupy approximately 10 MB per minute of sound. AIFF audio files have good support among universal players and multimedia software.