MPC is one of the files of the Audio category. This unlicensed file format is intended to store audio information. The MPC format (i.e. Musepack Compressed Audio File) was created by Musepack. Musepack is a lossy compression scheme developed by German programmer Andree Buschmann. He started creating the codec in 1997. At that time he had the name MP +. The developer was not satisfied with the existing quality of MP3 coding. The algorithm is based on MP2 (MPEG-1 Layer 2), where there are 32 frequency bands, but with significant improvements. Over the past years, it has undergone revision and has become much better. It is currently at a more advanced stage, which contains highly optimized and unpatented source code. The MPC encoding quality at high bitrates (160 Kbps and more) is much higher than the quality that MP3 provides. During coding, a different psychoacoustic compression algorithm is used. In MPC, frequencies that ignore MP3 encoders do not disappear. The specificity of MPC is the fine tuning of psychoacoustics. This provides the ability to operate with pure VBR encoding (variable bit rate encoding). The main task of Musepack is to obtain the highest transparency of sound.
MKA is an audio container format. It supports some types of audio compression algorithms. The .mka file extension belongs to the Matroska format (Matröška, Matryoshka). Thus, it serves to specifically designate the file type "Matroska Audio File" (Matroska Audio File). Matroska is an open cross-platform standard. It is a modern extensible multimedia container format. It is error resistant. It is suitable for streaming HTTP / RTP. Supports multiple subtitle tracks, audio, video. The Matroska standard is supported in the native mode by many software players and hardware devices, including, for example, receivers, televisions, smartphones, etc. A .mka file is a regular Matroska container that has one or more audio tracks. They are encoded by any of the supported codecs. In most cases, AAC and AC3 (Dolby Digital) codecs are used. Playing a .mka file needs the support of the standard Matroska container format. But not only. There must also be a specific audio codec with which the tracks are encoded. Often, MKA files are used as external audio tracks for movies in other languages. Or with other content, or with sound quality. Say multi-channel sound, director’s comments. .Mka audio files are used as containers for high-quality multi-channel music.