WMV is a common video file format developed by Microsoft and designed to store or transfer video data. It takes its name from the abbreviation of the name of the Windows Media Video technology itself, with which the file is encoded. Codecs for WMV format are installed automatically along with any version of the Windows operating system. Playing WMV files is possible on almost any media player. Such files may contain both Windows Media Video video data and Windows Media Audio audio data. The format also supports the use of DRM protections to prevent copying.
ALAC is the format of a small specialized program called an audio codec. Its main task is to compress a file with digital music without losing its quality. The name of the format created by Apple's IT giant is Apple's abbreviation Lossless Audio Codec. This format may also be called ALE (from Apple Lossless Encoder). Files in this format can play devices even with limited computing resources - such as an iPod. When compressing a file in this format, it is approximately 40-60% of the original file. Now almost every multimedia player based on the libavcodec library is able to play ALAC format files.