JPE is the graphic format of the raster image category. It was developed by the standards committee of the Joint Photographic Experts Group. It is a 24-bit compressed graphics format. Typically, it is used for web resources. In most cases, it is used for photographs or images in which there are many colors. Also well suited for many digital cameras to store digital photos. Images that have this extension use lossy compression. And because the quality of individual photos is getting worse. The greater the compression, the less quality the image becomes. The purpose of JPE files is to compress photorealistic images with small color losses. Provides the ability to achieve high compression ratios. We emphasize that usually the maximum compression of graphic information leads to some loss of information. That is, the compression algorithm changes the original data so that the image that is obtained after restoration will be different from the original image, that is, compressed. This compression method is used to work with full-color images that have high photographic quality. During compression, the Discrete-Cosine Transform (DCT), Huffman’s Code quantization and coding are used.
JPM is a JPEG2000 bitmap category file format. The JPEG 2000 Part 6 standard defines that the .jpm extension refers to the JPEG 2000 Composite Image File Format. The JPEG2000 graphic format is a new standard that appeared in 2000 as an update to the JPEG format. He uses a type of technology called wavelet compression, which provides the best ratio of size and quality. The JPM format (i.e., the JPEG 2000 Multi-layer Image Format, ISO 15444-6) was developed for documents that have multiple pages and can be processed as a multi-page photo converter. The purpose of the JPEG 2000 Part 6 composite image format is to work primarily with documents and facsimile images. Compared to regular JPEG 2000 images, a .jpm file is a composite image with many layers. This file can have many pages. Moreover, each such page can have several raster objects. Moreover, in different encodings (JPEG, JPEG 2000, JBIG). They are located in a certain way and make up a single whole. JPM files are used as “digital originals” that store scanned copies of documents and other images and / or texts.