MPC is one of the files of the Audio category. This unlicensed file format is intended to store audio information. The MPC format (i.e. Musepack Compressed Audio File) was created by Musepack. Musepack is a lossy compression scheme developed by German programmer Andree Buschmann. He started creating the codec in 1997. At that time he had the name MP +. The developer was not satisfied with the existing quality of MP3 coding. The algorithm is based on MP2 (MPEG-1 Layer 2), where there are 32 frequency bands, but with significant improvements. Over the past years, it has undergone revision and has become much better. It is currently at a more advanced stage, which contains highly optimized and unpatented source code. The MPC encoding quality at high bitrates (160 Kbps and more) is much higher than the quality that MP3 provides. During coding, a different psychoacoustic compression algorithm is used. In MPC, frequencies that ignore MP3 encoders do not disappear. The specificity of MPC is the fine tuning of psychoacoustics. This provides the ability to operate with pure VBR encoding (variable bit rate encoding). The main task of Musepack is to obtain the highest transparency of sound.
WMA is a widespread licensed audio stream compression format. Created in 1999 by Signal Processing Group, a member of the IT giant Microsoft. Initially, this company created WMA as a competitor to the popular MP3 format. The name WMA is an abbreviation for Windows Media Audio. Among the advantages of this format is the support of almost all Windows systems and devices, as well as the similarity in characteristics and quality with MP3 files. It is believed that a compressed WMA audio file with a bit rate of 160 kbit / s is fully consistent with the quality of an MP3 file with a bit rate of 256 kbit / s. Today, even Apple devices support the WMA format.